Info Florence

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Florence is known as the "cradle of Renaissance" (la culla del Rinascimento) for its monuments, churches and buildings. The best-known site and crowning architectural jewel of Florence is the domed cathedral of the city, Santa Maria del Fiore, known as The Duomo. The magnificent dome was built by Filippo Brunelleschi. The nearby Campanile (partly designed by Giotto) and the Baptistery buildings are also highlights. Both the dome itself and the campanile are open to tourists and offer excellent views; The dome, 600 years after its completion, is still the largest dome built in brick and mortar in the world.[6]

In 1982, the historic center of Florence (Italian: centro storico di Firenze) was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO for the importance of its cultural heritages. The center of the city is contained in medieval walls that were built in the 14th century to defend the city after it became famous and important for its economic growth.

Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral
Is the fourth church of Europe by size, its length is 153 and its height is 116 m.
 
San Giovanni Baptistry
Located in front of the Florence Cathedral and is decorated by many artists like Lorenzo Ghiberti with the Door of Paradise.
 
Basilica of Santa Maria Novella
Located in Santa Maria Novella square (near the big Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station) contains many work of art of Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Filippino Lippi e Domenico Ghirlandaio. The great facade was made by Leon Battista Alberti.
 
Basilica of Santa Croce
is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce, about 800 metres south east of the Duomo. The site, when first chosen, was in marshland outside the city walls. It is the burial place of some of the most illustrious Italians, such as Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Foscolo, Gentile, Rossini, and Marconi, thus it is known also as the Temple of the Italian Glories (Tempio dell'Itale Glorie).
 
Basilica of San Lorenzo
Is one of the largest churches of Florence, Italy, situated at the centre of the city’s main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III.
 
Santo Spirito
it is located in the Oltrarno quarter, facing the square with the same name. The building on the interior is one of the pre-eminent examples of Renaissance architecture.
 
Orsanmichele
The building was constructed on the site of the kitchen garden of the monastery of San Michele, now gone.
 
Santissima Annunziata
is a Roman Catholic basilica and the mother church of the Servite order. It is located at the northeastern side of the Piazza Santissima Annunziata.
 
Ognissanti
Founded by the lay order of the Umiliati, was among the first examples of Baroque architecture to penetrate this Renaissance city. Its two orders of pilasters enclose niches and windows with fantastical cornices. To the left of the façade is a campanile of 13th and 14th century construction.
 
Santa Maria del Carmine
in the Oltrarno district of Florence, it is famous as the location of the Brancacci Chapel housing outstanding Renaissance frescoes by Masaccio and Masolino da Panicale, later finished by Filippino Lippi.
 
Santa Trinità
It is the mother church of the Vallumbrosan Order of monks, founded in 1092 by a Florentine nobleman. Nearby is the Ponte Santa Trinita over the river Arno. The church is famous for its Sassetti Chapel, containing notable frescoes by Domenico Ghirlandaio, who are amongst 15th century painting's masterworks.
 
San Marco
It comprises a church and a convent. The convent, which is now a museum, has three claims to fame: during the 15th century it was home to two famous Dominicans, the painter Fra Angelico and the preacher, Girolamo Savonarola. Also housed at the convent is a famous collection of manuscripts in a library built by Michelozzo.
 
Santa Felicita
is a church in the downtown, probably the oldest in the city after San Lorenzo.
 
Badia Fiorentina
It is famous for being the parish church of Beatrice Portinari, the love of Dante's life, and the place where he watched her at Mass, for Dante grew up across the street in what is now called the 'Casa di Dante', rebuilt in 1910 as a museum to Dante .
 
San Gaetano
is one of the most important examples of the Baroque style in Florence, a city better known for its Renaissance architecture.
 
San Miniato al Monte
standing atop one of the highest points in the city. It has been described as the finest Romanesque structure in Tuscany and one of the most beautiful churches in Italy.
 
Florence Charterhouse
is a charterhouse, or Carthusian monastery, located in the Florence suburb of Galluzzo, in central Italy. The building is a walled complex located on Monte Acuto, at the point of confluence of the Ema and Greve rivers.
 
Great Synagogue of Florence
is a magnificent synagogue built between 1874 and 1882. Their design integrated the architectural traditions of the Islamic and Italian worlds.
 
Chiesa Russa Ortodossa della Natività